Archive for the 'rare blood' Category

24
Jul
12

Cloning Rh Negative Blood

If you search the web on “rh negative blood cloning” or some variation thereof, many sites will come up and you’ll find a reference to Rh Negative blood not being able to be cloned.  For the most part, these websites don’t provide a source for that statement. 

In doing that search now in 2012, I’m amazed by the lack of current information.  Most of the articles that do come up are from the 1990’s.  In 1997 sciencenews.org said the following:

http://www.sciencenews.org/sn_arc97/1_11_97/bob1.htm

Any technology that would convert blood to a true universal donor type must take another characteristic, Rh factor, into account. A cell surface protein first discovered in the blood of Rhesus monkeys, the Rh factor can provoke an immune reaction in people whose blood doesn’t normally carry it. People who have the protein on their red blood cells are deemed Rh-positive; those who don’t are Rh-negative.

Rh incompatibility is less of a problem than ABO incompatibility, says Klein. A majority of people in the United States, about 84 percent, have Rh-positive blood.

Moreover, an Rh-negative person can withstand one accidental transfusion of Rh-positive blood because the Rh-negative person doesn’t develop anti-Rh antibodies until 3 or 4 months later, Klein says. “The second transfusion, after they already have that antibody they made as a result of the first transfusion, could be very serious.” An Rh-negative woman who develops antibodies from bearing an Rh-positive child faces that risk if she conceives a second Rh-positive child or receives an Rh-positive blood transfusion.

Several labs have cloned the Rh factor, Goldstein says, but no one fully understands its three-dimensional structure. Therefore, researchers are only beginning to explore techniques for Rh conversion. If researchers can identify which part of the protein stimulates the immune response, then perhaps they can alter that portion to make the blood cell effectively Rh-negative. Eventually they want to produce type O, Rh-negative blood–the kind any person can receive without fear.

So, supposedly, in 1997, Rh positive blood was being cloned but not Rh negative blood.  I can find no information that indicates that in the intervening years Rh negative blood has been successfully cloned.  However, I did find the following fairly recent article about “pharming” or genetically engineered Rh negative blood.  I read into this that pharming is being attempted because Rh negative blood cannot be cloned.  Please see the following taken from the UK’s Daily Mail:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1293361/Scientists-develop-fake-genetically-engineered-blood-use-battlefield.html

“American scientists have developed ‘artificial’ blood that could soon be used to treat wounded soldiers in battle.

The genetically-engineered blood is created by  taking cells from umbilical cords and using a machine to mimic the way bone marrow works to produce mass quantities of usable units of red blood cells.

Known as ‘blood pharming’ the programme was launched in 2008 by the Pentagon’s experimental arm, Darpa, to create blood to treat soldiers in far-flung battlefields.

The firm Arteriocyte, which received $1.95 million for the project, has now sent off its first shipment of O-negative blood to the food and drugs watchdog in the US, the FDA

The blood is made by using hematopoietic cells taken from umbilical cords in a process called ‘pharming’ – using genetically engineered plants or animals to create mass quantities of useful substances.

One umbilical cord can be turned into around 20 units of usable blood. A wounded soldier in the field will require an average of six units during treatment.

Blood cells produced using this method are ‘functionally indistinguishable from red blood cells in healthy circulation’, the company claims.

‘We’re basically mimicking bone marrow in a lab environment,’ Arteriocyte boss Don Brown told Wired magazine.

‘Our model works, but we need to extrapolate our production abilities to make scale.’

If approved it could revolutionise battlefields where a shortage of blood donors can hamper treatment of wounded soldiers.

The process of giving transfusions in war zones is also made more difficult because donated blood has to be transported long distance before it reaches the field hospitals where it is urgently needed

Some blood is already 21 days old before it reaches patients, meaning it only has around a week-long shelf-life before it must be discarded. There are increased risks of infection or organ failure if blood is too old.

Mr Brown said: ‘Until now, the military’s strategy has mainly been contained to basically using stale blood,’

‘And they’ll set up mobile blood banks in a war zone, but even every troop rolling up their sleeve might not be enough when you’ve got a crisis with dozens or more injuries.’

Human trials are not likely until 2013, but the firm predicts the ‘pharmed’ blood could be used by the military within five years if the Pentagon calls for it sooner.

A unit of blood is around a pint and the human body contains between eight and ten pints of blood in total.

Currently, each unit made by Arteriocyte costs $5,000 to produce. If approved, the firm expects to bring this down to around $1,000 per unit by scaling up the production process.

As well as being needed by the military, ‘pharmed’ blood could also be used in hospitals to make up for shortfalls in blood donations if it is approved.

The ‘pharmed’ blood is type O negative which is the most sought after variation because it can be used with any patient, regardless of their own blood type.

Last month the US Red Cross issued an urgent appeal for blood donors to come forward after it said that its supply of O Negative blood was hitting ‘critically low levels.”

If anyone has more info on this subject they’d like to share, please do!  Thanks

 

10
Jul
10

Rh Negative Blood Attributes?

Elsewhere in this blog I have discussed having seen a UFO, having an out-of-body experience, and experiencing episodes of night paralysis.  Are these incidents associated with having Rh negative blood?  Have other of you readers with Rh negative blood  had similar situations?  If so, please share your experiences and I’ll post your comments.

Another thing which has intrigued me is the power of the mind.  When I saw a UFO decades ago, and stood there staring at it, watching it make its slow path across the sky, I felt the beings controlling it knew I was watching it.  They had picked up telepathically on my observation of them.  I have had an intense interest in the subconscious mind ever since. 

Following is an except from my novel, “Abode of the Clouds”, relating to mind power:

“Well, as promised yesterday, today’s main topic is the power of the mind.  It was one of the most important of Christ’s messages.  I’ve marked the bible so I can read some of the verses to you.”

We watched as he opened the first page he had marked, and listened to him read:

“Whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours.”

He continued with the remander:

“For verily I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, ‘Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea’ and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that those things which he saith shall come to pass; he shall have whatsoever he saith.”

“If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, ‘Remove hence to yonder place’ and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you.”

“Truly I say to you, if you have faith and do not doubt, you will not only do what was done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Be taken up and cast into the sea,’ it will happen.”

“All things are possible to him who believes.”

The following verse about Jesus walking on water is significant because Jesus is telling Peter that if he had faith in his own abilities and did not doubt, he could walk on water:

“But the ship was now in the midst of the sea, tossed with waves: for the wind was contrary.  And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea.  And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, ‘It is a spirit’ and they cried out for fear. 

But straightway Jesus spoke unto them, saying, ‘Be of good cheer; it is I; be not afraid’. And Peter answered him and said, ‘Lord, if it be thou, bid me come unto thee on the water’. And he said, ‘Come’. And when Peter was come down out of the ship, he walked on the water, to go to Jesus. But when he saw the wind boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink, he cried, saying, ‘Lord, save me’. And immediately Jesus stretched forth his hand, and caught him, and said unto him, ‘O thou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt?’”

“That first verse, however, bears repeating,” Russell continued.  ‘Whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours.’  Believe that you have already received it.  Believe that is yours now, not some point in the future, but right now.

“I know this is extremely difficult to do.  You’re asking your subconscious mind to believe that you have something when your conscious mind is telling you that you don’t.  But it’s the subconscious mind that is really in control, not the conscious mind.  The subconscious mind keeps our heart beating and our blood flowing.  It contains all of our memories.  It controls our emotions.  Will-power is part of your conscious mind and it’s usually a battle to win with will-power because it’s fighting your subconscious which is vastly stronger.  Your habits are controlled by your subconscious mind.

“Your subconscious mind, however, can be programmed through repetition.  Once you consciously do something or say something over and over again, it becomes absorbed by the subconscious.  I’m sure you all can relate to driving your car and arriving at your destination only to think to yourself, ‘How did I get here?  I don’t even remember driving I was so lost in thought.”  Your subconscious mind was doing the driving.  You didn’t have to consciously think about turning here or turning there, stopping at red lights and so forth because you were on automatic pilot, your subconscious mind.  Through driving every day for months and years, that repetition was accepted by the subconscious and you no longer need to have your conscious mind in control at times when you drive.  However, if some emergency arose as you were driving, your conscious mind would immediately snap back in control.

“Have you ever experienced something being ‘on the tip of your tongue’?  For example, the name of an actor in a certain movie?  You work and work trying to remember the name, and it just won’t come to you.  Then you put it out of your mind and several hours later the name pops into your conscious mind.  That is your subconscious at work.  You aren’t even aware that it is working on retrieving the answer, and it provides you with the answer when you are no longer consciously thinking about it. 

“What messages are we sending to ourselves, sending to our subconscious mind, day after day year after year?  Whatever they are, those messages have created your world.

“Our minds are going continually, even when we sleep.   All kinds of thoughts pop in and out.  Do we ever think about controlling those thoughts?  I know that’s not easy.  Have you ever tried to meditate?  Can you really clear your mind of thought?

“How do we communicate with our subconscious mind?” I asked.

“One way would be through hypnosis or self-hypnosis,” Russell responded.

“Hypnosis?  Isn’t that all just a bunch of hooey?” Joshua asked.

“No, it isn’t.  Hypnosis is a state of restful alertness during which an individual has a heightened sense of concentration.  During our waking hours we are in the beta state, and when we are in a deep sleep we are in the delta state.  In between those two states are the alpha and theta and these are the states to which a hypnotist will bring us prior to imparting hypnotic suggestions. 

“Just before we fall asleep at night and just before we are fully awake in the morning we are in the alpha state.  That is the time when we can speak to our subconscious directly.  What we are looking to accomplish, our goals, should be repeated over and over during this relatively short period of time.  These goals should be positively stated and phrased in the present tense, as if you already have attained them.  For example ‘I am vibrantly healthy’ instead of ‘I will not catch the flu’.  As you repeat your goal or goals, visualize what you state.  Do this faithfully every morning and every night and you will achieve your goals.  And should you wake up during the night, take that opportunity to repeat your goals to yourself then as well.

“The subconscious mind is not a part of your brain, it is actually located in your solar plexus and through your etheric cord it is actually connected to the Universal Mind.  Wisdom and power are available to you through your subconscious, and this was an important part of the teaching of Jesus.

“Jesus’ message was love and the power of belief.  I took the liberty of grabbing the dictionary before I came out here, as I wanted to read the definition of ‘belief’ to you.  I have it marked.”

Russell opened the dictionary to the marked page and read:

“Belief:  ‘A state or habit of mind in which confidence or trust is placed in some person or thing; a conviction of the truth of some statement or the reality of some being or phenomenon’.  It’s the ‘state or habit of mind’ that I wanted to bring to your attention.  Jesus wasn’t talking about belief in himself or his ‘father’.  He was talking about belief in ourselves.  He was talking about the incredible power of our minds.  He wanted us to believe that anything was possible.  He didn’t want us to fear.

“Fear is the tool of the beings of darkness.  It produces nothing but negative energy.  Thoughts are energies.  They can vibrate on both high and low levels.  What we send out comes back to us on the same vibrational level.  The fear that we feel and the negative thoughts that accompany it produce more of the same.

“If we worry about something and think about it constantly, then we are drawing it to ourselves and it will eventually manifest.  Our thoughts are waves of energy and they vibrate at a certain energy level.  Once released, they link with other similar energy waves and come back to us reinforced.  It’s similar to a radio frequency.  If we set our radio to a certain frequency, it is impossible to receive at another frequency.  We attract vibrations at the same energy level that we send out.

“Negative thoughts or energies are dense and are difficult for the body to process and release.  They can become blocked and the stagnant negative energy can produce a harmful effect, such as ‘dis-ease’.

“On the other hand, if we are thinking positive thoughts and believe that we have received what we have asked for, those thoughts vibrate at a higher level or frequency and also return to us in a positive manner.

“Take a moment to think about what we see on television for the most part.  If you’re watching the news, it’s usually bad news being reported.  If it’s drama, it’s usually blood and gore or greed that are the major topics.  If it’s comedy, it’s usually mindless drivel.  Even if it’s the weather, it seems like they’re trying to frighten us by blowing many impending storms way out of proportion.

“And while I’m on the topic of television, I’m going to ask you one thing.  Don’t let your children watch television.  In addition to teaching the children fear, which is not inherently within them, they are also indoctrinated on how to think.  They are taught a materialistic mindset.  They are also taught what kind of behavior is acceptable and how to judge.”

“What about educational programs?  Aren’t the children allowed to watch them?” Jane asked.

“No.  There are subliminal messages programmed into even the supposedly most benign, informative shows.  The media is controlled by the beings of darkness.  Television is their mouthpiece and the great majority of the world’s population has access to television.”

“Does that mean that we adults shouldn’t be watching television?” Jane asked.

“Don’t watch it when the children can see or hear it, and when you do watch it, be very selective about what you watch.”

“I still remember that morning we turned on the TV to hear the news that UFOs were reported to have been seen around the world overnight.  How thrilling that was.”

“Yes, I’m sure it was.  But that was a very rare occurrence, was it not?” Russell asked.

“It was probably the only thing of value that I’ve seen on that TV set in decades,” Alex muttered.  “And what Russell said about television being the mouthpiece of the beings of darkness really rings true with me.  How ingenious of them; we welcome the devil, the father of all lies, into our homes with open arms.”

“Not to change the subject,” Jennifer interjected, “but do you know how to hypnotize people?” she asked Russell.

“Yes.  Why?  Do you want to be hypnotized?”

“I do!” I shouted.

“Me, too!” echoed Jane.

It was quickly evident that we all wanted to be hypnotized, and Russell said he would conduct a guided imagery group hypnosis.

 “Before I start, however, I want to explain the importance of deep breathing.  The majority of people breathe with their chest muscles instead of their abdomen.  I’m going to put my hands on my stomach and take a deep breath.  Watch my hands.”

We watched as he slowly inhaled and we watched his hands move as his abdomen expanded out.  We continued to watch as his abdomen moved back in as he slowly exhaled.

“That’s called ‘belly breathing’.  Your lungs have five lobes and they go much further down than just your chest.  Most people only breathe using the top two lobes of their lungs.”

“I swear sometimes I hardly breathe at all!” Jane exclaimed.

“And you’re probably right; your breathing could be very shallow at times, and it’s extremely harmful to your well being!  Okay, let’s all try this together.  Put your hands on your abdomen.  Just breathe in deeply yet comfortably; then slowly exhale.  Your exhalation should take about twice as long as your inhalation.  Every one is different.  Just do what feels comfortable to you.”

We all took our first belly breaths and looked at each other with amazement.

“I never ever took a breath like that.  It felt strange, unnatural in a way, yet so wonderful!” Jennifer marveled.

“You used your diaphragm to take that breath.  That kind of deep breathing oxygenates the blood, nourishes every cell of the body and promotes relaxation.  Slow deep breaths change our vibrations, by increasing the molecular activity of our cells.  I mentioned earlier that the solar plexus is the seat of the subconscious mind.  Deep breathing massages the diaphragm and increases the flow of blood to the solar plexus. 

“What I’m going to do now is conduct a progressive relaxation exercise which will relieve stress.  Position yourself comfortably in your chair, take a couple of deep calming breaths, close your eyes and just listen to me.”

A while later I opened my eyes at the count of five, feeling very relaxed and yet alert. 

“That was hypnosis?” Joshua asked.

“Yes,” Russell replied.

“But I heard everything you said.  I wasn’t in some sort of trance or asleep.”

“Right, you were in a very relaxed state which allowed me to speak to your subconscious mind.”

“I still can’t believe I was hypnotized,” Joshua persisted.

“Take a look at the back of your right hand.  Do you see the impression I made with my fingernails when I pinched you?” Russell asked.

“I see the mark.  You pinched me?” Joshua asked.

“I pinched each of you, and I pinched you hard enough that the mark is still there.  Do you remember when I touched your hand and told you that you would feel a little pressure?  No discomfort, only a little pressure?  That was when I pinched you.  Before I did that, I told you that your hand was numb; as if you had it immersed in a bucket of ice water or was given a shot of Novocain.  I was speaking to your subconscious mind and gave it the suggestion that you had no feeling in your hand at all, and then I pinched you to prove it.  Before I brought you out of hypnosis, I told you that all normal feeling was returned to your hand.”

“The entire experience was so relaxing,” Jane murmured.  “I feel marvelous!”

“And it’s all simply mind over matter,” I remarked.

Do any of you readers have an obsession with mental powers and the subconscious mind?

26
Aug
09

Rare Blood – Rh Negative and Otherwise

I’ve been researching various subjects for the sequel to my novel “In Our Image” and one of those subjects was “rare blood”.  Following in an excerpt from the sequel:

“I never knew there were minor blood groups,” Mary said.  “I thought if your blood type was A or B or O or AB, then that was it.   Of course the Rh positive/negative factor would also come in to play.”

“I never realized it either.  Once we got the results back from the amniocentesis test, we did some searching on the internet on the subject.   We found that there are over 200 minor blood groups, and these are considered rare.   All of these blood groups are minor to one of the four major groups, except for the Bombay blood group,” I responded.

“The Bombay blood group is extremely rare,” Alex added.  “It is estimated only a few thousand people in the entire world have it.   I think I read it occurs in only 1 out of 250,000 people.  At first they thought it was a minor group to the O major blood group, but upon further testing they found it was not.”

“How do these rare blood groups form?  What is their origin?” Anne asked.

“Ah, that is the question!  I don’t think anyone has a good answer to that one,” Alex responded.  “There are a lot of mysteries in life.  The origin of Rh negative blood is one of them.”

The fact that there are over 200 rare blood groups surprised me.  Each of these groups also have the Rh positive or negative factor associated with them.  From what I’ve read, the Bombay blood group is the rarest…do they also have the Rh+ and Rh- factors associated with this blood type?  If so, I wonder how many are Rh negative?

Following are links to interesting sites on rare blood:

www.rarebloodtypes.org/bombay_blood_group.php

www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Bombay-phenotype