Posts Tagged ‘Rh negative

24
Jul
12

Cloning Rh Negative Blood

If you search the web on “rh negative blood cloning” or some variation thereof, many sites will come up and you’ll find a reference to Rh Negative blood not being able to be cloned.  For the most part, these websites don’t provide a source for that statement. 

In doing that search now in 2012, I’m amazed by the lack of current information.  Most of the articles that do come up are from the 1990’s.  In 1997 sciencenews.org said the following:

http://www.sciencenews.org/sn_arc97/1_11_97/bob1.htm

Any technology that would convert blood to a true universal donor type must take another characteristic, Rh factor, into account. A cell surface protein first discovered in the blood of Rhesus monkeys, the Rh factor can provoke an immune reaction in people whose blood doesn’t normally carry it. People who have the protein on their red blood cells are deemed Rh-positive; those who don’t are Rh-negative.

Rh incompatibility is less of a problem than ABO incompatibility, says Klein. A majority of people in the United States, about 84 percent, have Rh-positive blood.

Moreover, an Rh-negative person can withstand one accidental transfusion of Rh-positive blood because the Rh-negative person doesn’t develop anti-Rh antibodies until 3 or 4 months later, Klein says. “The second transfusion, after they already have that antibody they made as a result of the first transfusion, could be very serious.” An Rh-negative woman who develops antibodies from bearing an Rh-positive child faces that risk if she conceives a second Rh-positive child or receives an Rh-positive blood transfusion.

Several labs have cloned the Rh factor, Goldstein says, but no one fully understands its three-dimensional structure. Therefore, researchers are only beginning to explore techniques for Rh conversion. If researchers can identify which part of the protein stimulates the immune response, then perhaps they can alter that portion to make the blood cell effectively Rh-negative. Eventually they want to produce type O, Rh-negative blood–the kind any person can receive without fear.

So, supposedly, in 1997, Rh positive blood was being cloned but not Rh negative blood.  I can find no information that indicates that in the intervening years Rh negative blood has been successfully cloned.  However, I did find the following fairly recent article about “pharming” or genetically engineered Rh negative blood.  I read into this that pharming is being attempted because Rh negative blood cannot be cloned.  Please see the following taken from the UK’s Daily Mail:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1293361/Scientists-develop-fake-genetically-engineered-blood-use-battlefield.html

“American scientists have developed ‘artificial’ blood that could soon be used to treat wounded soldiers in battle.

The genetically-engineered blood is created by  taking cells from umbilical cords and using a machine to mimic the way bone marrow works to produce mass quantities of usable units of red blood cells.

Known as ‘blood pharming’ the programme was launched in 2008 by the Pentagon’s experimental arm, Darpa, to create blood to treat soldiers in far-flung battlefields.

The firm Arteriocyte, which received $1.95 million for the project, has now sent off its first shipment of O-negative blood to the food and drugs watchdog in the US, the FDA

The blood is made by using hematopoietic cells taken from umbilical cords in a process called ‘pharming’ – using genetically engineered plants or animals to create mass quantities of useful substances.

One umbilical cord can be turned into around 20 units of usable blood. A wounded soldier in the field will require an average of six units during treatment.

Blood cells produced using this method are ‘functionally indistinguishable from red blood cells in healthy circulation’, the company claims.

‘We’re basically mimicking bone marrow in a lab environment,’ Arteriocyte boss Don Brown told Wired magazine.

‘Our model works, but we need to extrapolate our production abilities to make scale.’

If approved it could revolutionise battlefields where a shortage of blood donors can hamper treatment of wounded soldiers.

The process of giving transfusions in war zones is also made more difficult because donated blood has to be transported long distance before it reaches the field hospitals where it is urgently needed

Some blood is already 21 days old before it reaches patients, meaning it only has around a week-long shelf-life before it must be discarded. There are increased risks of infection or organ failure if blood is too old.

Mr Brown said: ‘Until now, the military’s strategy has mainly been contained to basically using stale blood,’

‘And they’ll set up mobile blood banks in a war zone, but even every troop rolling up their sleeve might not be enough when you’ve got a crisis with dozens or more injuries.’

Human trials are not likely until 2013, but the firm predicts the ‘pharmed’ blood could be used by the military within five years if the Pentagon calls for it sooner.

A unit of blood is around a pint and the human body contains between eight and ten pints of blood in total.

Currently, each unit made by Arteriocyte costs $5,000 to produce. If approved, the firm expects to bring this down to around $1,000 per unit by scaling up the production process.

As well as being needed by the military, ‘pharmed’ blood could also be used in hospitals to make up for shortfalls in blood donations if it is approved.

The ‘pharmed’ blood is type O negative which is the most sought after variation because it can be used with any patient, regardless of their own blood type.

Last month the US Red Cross issued an urgent appeal for blood donors to come forward after it said that its supply of O Negative blood was hitting ‘critically low levels.”

If anyone has more info on this subject they’d like to share, please do!  Thanks

 

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03
Apr
12

Rh Negative, RhoGAM and Children With Neurological Disorders

I am sharing some info recently received from StarFire, the Network Administrator at http://www.rhnegativeblood.ning.com/, who states:

“We are wonderful resource for rh negative people, and that is all because of our members. With so many people bringing their ideas, research and personal experience into the mix, it’s kind of hard not to be a good thing- especially where rh negatives are concerned. Because of our rare type, we often have to deal with things that the general population does not. Anti- D, or RhoGam as it is popularly termed is one of those things. Most of you know that women who are rh negative and pregnant are given this injection at various times during and or/after pregnancy. It’s a hot topic in our community, which brings me to why I am sending this message.

I wanted to share a new project with you. Recently I was approached by a member who is a graduate student, and she is interested in a finding out if there is a possible relationship between the anti-D injections that many rh negatives receive during pregnancy and children with neurological disorders. Her name is Penny, and she has two children that have neurological disorders and one child that doesn’t. Penny and I have put together a survey for women who have had children that asks some basic questions designed to show whether there is a correlation, or not. The more people that respond the better!

Penny is planning on writing her final paper on what she finds out in this survey. Usually a paper for a Masters Degree is read by people that could move to do some more research on a subject. WE NEED THE RESEARCH!

I know that this is a “hot” issue in our community so, if you have had children, please take a moment and take the survey- and then please take a moment and SHARE IT! Some people say that there is not a higher incidence of neurological disorders in our children and others say that it is a tremendous increase. Let’s see if we can find out, or at least pose the question in such a way that the medical community needs to look into it further. Women of any blood group are welcome to take the survey, we encourage any women who has given birth to answer the questions.

To take the survey, click HERE http://kwiksurveys.com/online-survey.php?surveyID=LMDMFH_db2b0794, and please pass it on!

This is really important and could be a huge boost for interest in doing necessary and LONG OVERDUE research on the issues of our community.”

As I’ve mentioned in other posts, http://www.rhnegativeblood.ning.com/ is an amazing site and I highly recommend it. Please check it out if you haven’t already done so!

25
Feb
12

Rh Negatives, Telepathy and Extraterrestrials

I’ve described elsewhere in this blog my UFO sighting decades ago when I was a teenager. My mother was with me that summer night as we watched a very dim light on the eastern horizon making a slow and almost imperceptible track toward the north. For many minutes we followed the movement of this object…two Rh negative women transfixed on it. And then it stopped. Just stopped. I felt that “they” must have picked up on our thought waves. We stood there watching and waiting. And suddenly it started zooming in our direction. Petrified, we ran inside. Had they picked up on our thoughts? My mother and I felt certain they had. I still believe this.

Have any of you Rh negatives out there reading this had telepathic experiences, either extraterrestrial or otherwise?

A recent news article about President Eisenhower meeting with aliens started me thinking about telepathy recently. Supposedly the meetings with the aliens were arranged through telepathic messages. See the following:

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2100947/Eisenhower-secret-meetings-aliens-pentagon-consultant-claims.html?ito=feeds-newsxml

23
Jan
12

Rh Negative Team on Etsy

I’m a seller on Etsy and am intrigued by the amazing community on that site.  We support and promote other sellers by creating  “Treasury Lists” which feature 16 items from other sellers.  We join various teams which have a myriad of themes…like the Cat Lovers Team, the Facebook Team,  Vintage Lovers Team,  Needlefelt Team etc.  Many of these teams are very active with members communicating back and forth, sharing new items and treasuries.   It’s really a social network with a buying/selling format.

I thought it might be interesting to see if any Rh negative Etsians would be interested in joining a team of like individuals to share our interests; to see what we have in common (other than blood that is). 

If you’re an Etsy member and interested in joining (you don’t have to be Rh negative, just interested in the topic) please see the following site:

http://www.etsy.com/teams/11615/rh-negative-team

09
Jan
12

If I Hadn’t Seen Them….

The Rh-Negative Registry website has a section on “The Origin Theories of the Rare Rh-Negative Blood Factor”. This is certainly well worth reading and provides thought provoking suggestions. The first on the list is “A Scientific Explanation: Rh-Negatives and CO2” (source: “LawPundint.com”.

It states, in part: “Hence, it would seem to be a likely hypothesis to this observer, presented here for the first time, that Rh- (Rh-negative) developed due to a (presumably beneficial) change mandated in our human breathing of the Earth’s air in the more northerly European latitudes.”

This does seem to be a likely possibility for the Rh-Negative mutation. However, if this is correct, why does the Rh negative mother create antibodies to destroy its Rh positive fetus as if it were a foreign or alien substance? And, even more interestingly, why does the reverse not happen? Why does the Rh positive mother not create antibodies to destroy its Rh Negative fetus? And why can’t Rh negative blood be cloned?

Maybe if I hadn’t seen a UFO myself I would accept this theory as a distinct possibility and not consider it further. However, I did see a UFO with my mother back in the 1960’s. It was very low in the eastern horizon traveling from south to north. It was just a tiny white dot…it looked like a star very far away. As we sat in the garden on the midsummer night, I kept watching that “star”. Was it moving? Minutes passed and I could see that it had moved slightly. I alerted my mother to this object on the horizon and together we watched it slowly move along the horizon to the north. It was now about two-thirds of the way along the horizon and then it stopped. Dead stop. We waited for many minutes just focused on that “star”. What could it be that it could just stop like that? I remember saying “That’s not good…” and then this object made something like a 75 degree turn and started zooming in our direction. That little faint “star” light was rapidly getting brighter and bigger.

We had been focused on that object for almost an hour as it made its slow progression across the horizon. I am certain that the beings controlling this object picked up on our thought waves and were heading toward us. For what reason, I don’t know. If we had stood our ground insteading of running inside I don’t know what would have happened. Sometimes I wish that I had the courage to stay outside and see. But I know I could not…not then, not now.

And so I question and search…

11
Jan
11

Shroud of Turin: Rh Negative or Rh Positive?

I recently received the following comment regarding the Shroud of Turin in which the author states the blood on the shroud was identified as AB+.  My research agrees that the blood was typed as AB but AB- not AB+.  After receiving this comment I researched this subject again and could find no information that could corroborate that it was Rh positive.  I’ve asked the author to provide additional info.  Do any of you readers have any info on this topic that you’d like to share?  Following are the comments which sparked this inquiry:

“The blood stains on the Turin Shroud reveal they are of the blood group AB positive, the same as the Eucharistic Miracle of Lanciano and the Sudarium (Face-Cloth) of Christ. The slice of human heart flesh preserved [and security sealed against fraud and theft] exhibits very interesting properties that are in keeping with the tradition of no matter the size of a consecrated host, it is the whole of Jesus the communicant recieves. A surgeon also commented that the way the heart tissue had been sliced would have been very difficult for a modern expert surgeon to achieve. ‘The blood has congealed and is now in five clots in the glass chalice. In 1971 and 1981 a hospital laboratory tested the flesh and blood and discovered that the flesh is myocardium, that is heart muscular tissue, so we could say it is the heart of Jesus, the Sacred Heart, and the blood is of the blood group AB positive. In 1978 NASA scientists tested the blood on the Turin Shroud and interestingly also discovered that it is of the blood group AB positive. (The Sudarium, Face Cloth of Christ, mentioned in John 20:6 is also of the blood group AB positive.) Despite the fact that human flesh and blood should not have remained preserved for 1300 years the hospital lab tests found no trace of any preservatives. One final interesting point about the five blood clots in the chalice is that when you weigh one of them, it is the same weight as all five together, two of them together weigh the same as all five. In fact no matter what way you combine the blood clots individually or in a group to weigh them, they always weigh the same. (This shows that the full Jesus is present in a particle of the Eucharist no matter how small.) Taken from: ‘Homily for the Solemnity of Corpus Christi – the Body and Blood of Jesus’ – by Fr. Tommy Lane.”

26
Aug
09

Rare Blood – Rh Negative and Otherwise

I’ve been researching various subjects for the sequel to my novel “In Our Image” and one of those subjects was “rare blood”.  Following in an excerpt from the sequel:

“I never knew there were minor blood groups,” Mary said.  “I thought if your blood type was A or B or O or AB, then that was it.   Of course the Rh positive/negative factor would also come in to play.”

“I never realized it either.  Once we got the results back from the amniocentesis test, we did some searching on the internet on the subject.   We found that there are over 200 minor blood groups, and these are considered rare.   All of these blood groups are minor to one of the four major groups, except for the Bombay blood group,” I responded.

“The Bombay blood group is extremely rare,” Alex added.  “It is estimated only a few thousand people in the entire world have it.   I think I read it occurs in only 1 out of 250,000 people.  At first they thought it was a minor group to the O major blood group, but upon further testing they found it was not.”

“How do these rare blood groups form?  What is their origin?” Anne asked.

“Ah, that is the question!  I don’t think anyone has a good answer to that one,” Alex responded.  “There are a lot of mysteries in life.  The origin of Rh negative blood is one of them.”

The fact that there are over 200 rare blood groups surprised me.  Each of these groups also have the Rh positive or negative factor associated with them.  From what I’ve read, the Bombay blood group is the rarest…do they also have the Rh+ and Rh- factors associated with this blood type?  If so, I wonder how many are Rh negative?

Following are links to interesting sites on rare blood:

www.rarebloodtypes.org/bombay_blood_group.php

www.statemaster.com/encyclopedia/Bombay-phenotype